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Located in the heart of northern Salento, a few kilometers from the Ionian Sea, Sava is part of the administrative territory of the province of Taranto and has a population of around 16,000 inhabitants. The characteristic rural landscape extends into a verdant plateau 107 meters above sea level, framed by the offshoots of the Murge Tarantine. The cultural influence of Magna Graecia has long dominated the customs and traditions of this land. The Paretone or Limitone of the Greeks should instead follow the Byzantine period: an imposing defensive wall section built according to tradition at the time of the Roman Empire, in the context of defending the territory from enemy invasions.

The noble protagonist of the history of Sava, as of the entire landscape heritage, is the fertile countryside. The precious land of Sava has represented the cornerstone of the economy of the rural society that for centuries here has been rooted and distinguished for the production of exquisite first fruits such as wine, oil, figs and almonds. In this rural landscape it is easy to encounter typical constructions of peasant architecture like the "pajari". Similar to the trulli, the "pajari" are entirely made of dry stones and rest as usual on a circular or polygonal plan. Depending on the practical needs of each family, the characteristics of the site and the availability of material, the "pajari" could take on different shapes and sizes, and be provided with an oven for baking bread or even a small underground cistern for water supply. The Sava countryside enjoys the presence of verdant expanses of olive groves. As evidenced by the mighty secular trees, the olive-growing tradition of Sava goes back to the most ancient times and began to establish itself with greater continuity in the feudal history of Salento.

The oil has marked the social and financial vicissitudes of the inhabitants of Sava, and even today the precious "liquid gold" is characterized by its high organoleptic quality and the unmistakable authentic taste. The close bond between Sava and its countryside is also evident in the attribution of the meaning of its name. As the scholar Orazio De Santis writes, the name Sava derives from the cult of the Greek divinity Sabazio, a sacred figure linked to the must and the grape harvest. The history of Sava is from its origin linked to the production of wine and the cultivation of vines, an agricultural practice that still pervades the entire landscape heritage. Savese land lends itself well to the production of excellent Primitivo di Manduria grapes, a renowned DOC vine from the Taranto area and known as excellence in the field of oenology. In the past, most of the agricultural economy was concentrated within the farms: real small production nucleuses characteristic of the southern Apulian peninsula. Among the larger complexes there is Masseria Petrose, equipped with numerous rooms for colonial use and for keeping livestock. Le Petrose also has a chapel dedicated to the Madonna delle Grazie, frescoed and decorated inside according to the stylistic tradition of the territory.

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